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Turn A Gundam or ∀ Gundam (∀(ターンエー)ガンダム Tān Ē Gandamu?) is a 50 episode anime series that aired between 1999 and 2000 on Japan's FNN networks and the anime satellite television network, Animax, created for the Gundam Big Bang 20th Anniversary celebration. It was also compiled into two feature-length movies titled Turn A Gundam I: Earth Light and Turn A Gundam II: Moonlight Butterfly.

Turn A Gundam was the last Gundam TV anime to be directed by Yoshiyuki Tomino, who was the main creator of the Gundam franchise and had written and directed many previous Gundam works. This series was made after Tomino had recovered from his depression that influenced Mobile Suit Victory Gundam, and the general tone and mood of Turn A Gundam is much more hopeful and less dark than his other Gundam series.

Turn A Gundam is also the last of the Gundam metaseries (not counting the compilations and future video game cut scenes) to be hand painted on cels. 2002's Gundam SEED was the first series to use digital coloring.

Overview

Turn A Gundam takes place in the year Correct Century 2345 (正暦2345年 Seireki Nisen Sanbyaku Yonjū Go Nen?, CC 2345), in a different calendar system than the previous Gundam projects. Seireki is a wordplay on the Japanese term for the Common Era (C.E.) Western calendar system (西暦; also pronounced Seireki). The English acronym CC is Correct Century (コレクトセンチュリー?) in the official Japanese Turn A guide book and Correct Century in English in the 2001 Correct Century A Bibliographical Study of "Black History" as the black paged introduction of Gundam Officials.[1]

After the end of Victory Gundam in early 1994, Yoshiyuki Tomino took a five year hiatus from Gundam anime (although he created the story for the Mobile Suit Crossbone Gundam manga during that time). In 1999, he returned to the Gundam franchise with the 50 episode series ∀ Gundam (read as Turn A Gundam) as part of Sunrise's "Gundam Big Bang" 20th Anniversary celebration. Set in Correct Century (CC) 2345, this series tells the story of a war between space colonists calling themselves the Moonrace who wish to colonize Earth, and the Earth Militia forces, which use the ancient Turn A Gundam to retaliate. Turn A Gundam is a dramatic departure from the franchise in many ways. Instead of being set in an era of high technology, it is set in a future that has regressed to the early 20th century. Also, the unorthodox design of the title suit comes courtesy of American designer Syd Mead, best known for his work in the film Blade Runner. The series also features the musical talents of Yoko Kanno, who previously worked on Macross Plus, Cowboy Bebop and Tomino's own series Brain Power'd. The series finished its run in early 2000, and in 2002 Tomino directed two compilation films, entitled Earth Light and Moonlight Butterfly. Both the TV series and the movies are now available on DVD in Japan, but they are not available in the U.S.

Plot summary

The story of Turn A is viewed from a third perspective mainly concerning the events that happened to the main character Loran Cehack. He is a recruit of the Moonrace which was sent to earth on a recon mission for the later Moonrace massive migration back to earth, which was planned 100 years ago with no positive response from earth. With aggressive parties of moonrace and Earthlings, a war soon broke out between the migrants and the people who lived in the area called Ameria, which was speculated to be America, where the Moonrace claimed to be theirs since their ancestors lived there.

Loran became an active member of the Earth's militia forces with the skills of piloting the white doll, Turn A Gundam, wanting to settle the conflict between Earth and Moon. Discovering more and more history of the past and why the technology deteriorated so much on earth.

Relationship with previous Gundam series

File:Gundam-Century.jpg

The 2001 Correct Century, A Bibliographical Study of "Black History", printed in black pages in front of the Universal Century Gundam Officials Encyclopedia, is supposedly uncovered by a fictional Lecturer in Black History named Yokk Wakk Onimott during Correct Century 1993. Onimott spends 2 years to fix the broken pages, 5 years to interpret the language and a year to find a publisher. He states the book was first printed around 3000 years ago by the Rhea branch of the Earth Federation Government University. Included is a picture (drawn by Kunio Okawara) showing a mobile suit supposed to be MS-04 as a S.U.I.T. project of the Zeon forces in UC0072~0075, found in 1993 Correct Century in the mountain cycle Library A-a. The white page introduction by another fictional writer, Minaka Junkers, an economy assistant professor of the Rhea branch of the Earth Federation Government University, states the book was published in UC0100, celebrating the Centennial anniversary of the Universal Century. Thus it is officially claimed that the Universal Century is a time before Correct Century, possibly around 3000 years before the story of Turn A begins.[3]

Mobile Units

Cast & Crew

Cast

Staff


Episode list

# Title Original airdate English airdate
01 Howl to the Moon
"Tsuki ni Hoeru" (月に吠える)
April 9, 1999
Loran lands on Earth and begins working for a wealthy family as their driver. Meanwhile he meets up with his fellow comrades and discuss their plans.
02 The Coming of Age Ceremony
"Seijinshiki" (成人式)
April 16, 1999
The Coming of Age Ceremony begins, however during that time the Moon Race begins it's invasion. The White Doll Statue crumbles revealing the Turn A Gundam and Loran uses it to fight back the Moon Race.
03 After the Ceremony
"Matsuri no Ato" (祭の後)
April 23, 1999
04 Soldiers from the Hometown
"Furusato no Gunjin" (ふるさとの軍人)
April 30, 1999
05 The Advent of Dianna
"Diana Kōrin" (ディアナ降臨)
May 7, 1999
06 Forgotten Past
"Wasurerareta Kako" (忘れられた過去)
May 14, 1999
07 Training to be a Lady
"Kifujin Shugyō" (貴婦人修行)
May 21, 1999
08 Laura's Cow
"Rōra no Ushi" (ローラの牛)
May 28, 1999
09 Corin Called it "Gundam"
"Koren, Gandamu to Sakebu" (コレン、ガンダムと叫ぶ)
June 4, 1999
10 Visit to a Grave
"Hakamairi" (墓参り)
June 11, 1999
11 The Destruction of Nocris
"Nokkusu Hōkai" (ノックス崩壊)
June 18, 1999
12 An Underground Corridor
"Chika Kairō" (地下回廊)
June 25, 1999
13 An Older Person
"Toshiue no Hito" (年上のひと)
July 2, 1999
14 Separated Again
"Betsuri, Futatabi" (別離、再び)
July 9, 1999
15 Memories, Disappear
"Omoide wa Kiete" (思い出は消えて)
July 16, 1999
16 Everything About Turn A
"Tān Ē no Subete" (∀の全て)
July 23, 1999
An overview of episodes 1-15 from Loran's perspective.
17 Dust Blows on the Founding of a Nation
"Kenkoku no Dasuto Burō" (建国のダストブロー)
July 30, 1999
18 Kihel and Dianna
"Kieru to Diana" (キエルとディアナ)
August 6, 1999
19 Sochie's War
"Soshie no Sensō" (ソシエの戦争)
August 13, 1999
20 Anis' Power
"Anisu Pawā" (アニス·パワー)
August 20, 1999
21 Dianna's Desperate Fight
"Diana Funsen" (ディアナ奮戦)
August 27, 1999
22 Harry's Trouble
"Harī no Sainan" (ハリーの災難)
September 3, 1999
23 Teteth's Last Words
"Tetesu no Yuigon" (テテスの遺言)
September 10, 1999
24 Laura's Distant Howl
"Rōra no Tōboe" (ローラの遠吠え)
September 17, 1999
25 Willgame Takes Off
"Wirugemu Ririku" (ウィルゲム離陸)
September 24, 1999
26 The Battle of Enlightenment
"Satori no Tatakai" (悟りの戦い)
October 8, 1999
27 Sunrise at Midnight
"Yonaka no Yoake" (夜中の夜明け)
October 15, 1999
28 Entrusted Things
"Takusareta Mono" (託されたもの)
October 22, 1999
29 The Two Named Soriel
"Soreiyu no Futari" (ソレイユのふたり)
October 28, 1999
30 Holding it within the Chest
"Mune ni Kakaete" (胸に抱えて)
October 29, 1999
31 Pursuit! Crybaby Poe
"Tsuigeki! Nakimushi Pō" (追撃!泣き虫ポゥ)
November 5, 1999
32 The King of Legend
"Shinwa no Ō" (神話の王)
November 19, 1999
33 Captured Manuipich
"Manyūpichi Kōryaku" (マニューピチ攻略)
November 25, 1999
34 Fly! Through the Stratosphere
"Tobe! Seisōken" (飛べ!成層圏)
December 3, 1999
35 Zacktraeger
"Zakkutorēgā" (ザックトレーガー)
December 10, 1999
36 The Militia's Decisive Space Battle
"Mirisha Uchū Kessen" (ミリシャ宇宙決戦)
December 17, 1999
37 Gateway to the Moon
"Tsuki Sekai no Mon" (月世界の門)
December 24, 1999
38 Battle God Ghingnham
"Sentōshin Ginganamu" (戦闘神ギンガナム)
January 7, 2000
39 Asteroid Explosion
"Shōwakusei Bakuretsu" (小惑星爆烈)
January 14, 2000
40 Sea Battle on the Lunar Surface
"Getsumen no Kaisen" (月面の海戦)
January 21, 2000
41 Determined to Fight
"Tatakai no Ketsudan" (戦いの決断)
January 28, 2000
42 Turn X Activate
"Tān Ekkusu Kidō" (ターンX起動)
February 4, 2000
43 Shocking Dark History
"Shōgeki no Kuro-Rekishi" (衝撃の黒歴史)
February 11, 2000
44 New Enemy
"Teki, Aratanari" (敵、新たなリ)
February 18, 2000
45 Guin's Betrayal
"Uragiri no Guen" (裏切りのグエン)
February 25, 2000
46 Again, to Earth
"Futatabi, Chikyū he" (再び、地球へ)
March 3, 2000
47 Ghingnham's Invasion
"Ginganamu Shūrai" (ギンガナム襲来)
March 10, 2000
48 Return of Dianna
"Diana Kikan" (ディアナ帰還)
March 17, 2000
49 Moonlight Butterfly
"Gekkou-Chō" (月光蝶)
March 24, 2000
50 Golden Autumn
"Ōgon no Aki" (黄金の秋)
April 14, 2000

Openings & Endings

Openings:

Endings:

  • Aura by Shinji Tanimura (Ep. 1 - 40)
  • Tsuki no Mayu (Moon's Cocoon) by Aki Okui (Ep. 41 - 49)
  • Kagiri naki Tabiji (The Endless Journey) by Aki Okui (Ep. 50)
  • After All by Donna Burke (First compilation movie ending)
  • Tsuki no Mayu (Moon's Cocoon) by Aki Okui (Second compilation movie ending ~ In its full version right before the ending credits which are instrumental only)

See also

References

  1. 2001 Correct Century A Bibliographical Study of "Black History", Gundam Officials 公式百科事典
  2. "Moon's Wind", Gundam Ace, 2006
  3. Gundam Officials 公式百科事典

External links

Preceded by
Gundam Wing: Endless Waltz
Gundam metaseries (production order)
1999 — 2000
Succeeded by
G-Saviour
it:Turn A Gundam

nl:Turn A Gundamzh:∀GUNDAM

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