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Studio Ghibli, Inc. (株式会社スタジオジブリ Kabushiki-kaisha Sutajio Jiburi?) is a Japanese animation film studio. The company's logo features the character Totoro (a large forest spirit) from Hayao Miyazaki's film My Neighbor Totoro. It has its headquarters in Koganei, Tokyo.[1]

Several anime features created by Studio Ghibli have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award, including: Castle in the Sky, in 1986; My Neighbor Totoro, in 1988; and Kiki's Delivery Service, in 1989. In 2002, Spirited Away won an Oscar for Best Animated Feature and it remains the only film made outside the English-speaking world to have done so.

Name

The name Ghibli is based on the Arabic name for the sirocco, or Mediterranean wind, which the Italians used for their Saharan scouting planes in the Second World War, the idea being that the studio would blow a new wind through the Japanese anime industry.[2]

Though the Italian word is pronounced with a hard /ɡ/, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is with a soft g, [dʑíbɯɽi]  (13px listen).

History

Founded in June, 1985, the studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on Hols: Prince of the Sun and Panda! Go, Panda!; and Suzuki was an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine.

The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Tōei. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version.[2][3] Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.

The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondo, Hiroyuki Morita and Gorō Miyazaki. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtrack for all of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films.

Many of Ghibli's works are distributed in Japan by Toho. Internationally, the Walt Disney Company has rights to all of Ghibli's output that did not have previous international distribution, including the global, non-Japan distribution rights to Princess Mononoke and Spirited Away.[citation needed]

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles about the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works frequently features on the cover of the magazine. Between 1999 and 2005 Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten, the publisher of Animage.

In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Tokyo. It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.

The company is well-known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad. This was a result of the dubbing of Miyazaki's Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind when the film was released in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The film was heavily edited and Americanized, with significant portions cut and the plot rewritten. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. In response, a Studio Ghibli producer sent an authentic katana with a simple message: "No cuts".[4]

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996, as well as helping to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.[5]

Currently, Takahata and Goro Miyazaki (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) are developing projects for release after Hayao Miyazaki's Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea.

Significant achievements

  • The first real box-office success in Studio Ghibli's history (Kiki's Delivery Service)
  • The highest-grossing film of 1992 in Japan (Porco Rosso)
  • The first Studio Ghibli film to use computer graphics (Pom Poko)
  • The first Miyazaki feature to use computer graphics, and the first Studio Ghibli feature to use digital coloring (Princess Mononoke)
  • The first Studio Ghibli feature to be shot using a 100% digital process (My Neighbors the Yamadas)
  • The first Miyazaki feature to be shot using a 100% digital process; the first film to gross $200 million worldwide before opening in North America; the only anime film to win an Academy award for Best Animated Feature; the only winner of an Academy award for Best Animated Feature to be made outside the English-speaking world; the only traditionally-animated winner of an Academy award for Best Animated Feature (Spirited Away); the film to finally overtake Titanic at the Japanese box office, becoming the top grossing film in the history of Japanese cinema.

Works

Films (excluding short films or Ghibli Museum releases)

# Film Original release date Director IMDB Rating
1 Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind 01984-03-11 March 11, 1984 Hayao Miyazaki
8.1
2 Castle in the Sky 01986-08-02 August 2, 1986 Hayao Miyazaki
8.1
3 Grave of the Fireflies 01988-04-16 April 16, 1988 Isao Takahata
8.2
4 My Neighbour Totoro 01988-04-16 April 16, 1988 Hayao Miyazaki
8.1
5 Kiki's Delivery Service 01989-07-29 July 29, 1989 Hayao Miyazaki
7.9
6 Only Yesterday 01991-07-20 July 20, 1991 Isao Takahata
7.7
7 Porco Rosso 01992-07-18 July 18, 1992 Hayao Miyazaki
7.8
8 Ocean Waves 01993-05-03 May 3, 1993 Tomomi Mochizuki
7.3
9 Pom Poko 01994-07-16 July 16, 1994 Isao Takahata
7.5
10 Whisper of the Heart 01995-07-15 July 15, 1995 Yoshifumi Kondō
8.0
11 Princess Mononoke 01997-07-12 July 12, 1997 Hayao Miyazaki
8.3
12 My Neighbours the Yamadas 01999-07-17 July 17, 1999 Isao Takahata
7.5
13 Spirited Away 02001-07-27 July 27, 2001 Hayao Miyazaki
8.5
14 The Cat Returns 02002-07-19 July 19, 2002 Hiroyuki Morita
7.2
15 Howl's Moving Castle 02004-11-20 November 20, 2004 Hayao Miyazaki
8.0
16 Tales from Earthsea 02006-07-29 July 29, 2006 Gorō Miyazaki
6.5
17 Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea 02008-07-19 July 19, 2008 Hayao Miyazaki
7.8
18 The Borrower Arrietty 02010-07-17 July 17, 2010 Hiromasa Yonebayashi
8.2
19 The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter[6] Unknown Isao Takahata
-
20 Porco Rosso: The Last Sortie Unknown Hayao Miyazaki
-

Short films (TV, theatrical, Ghibli Museum, and OVA)

Music videos (theatrical and TV)

Commercials

  • "Sora Iro no Tane" (The Sky-Colored Seed) (1992) (TV spot for Nippon TV)
  • "Nandarou" (1992) (TV commercial for NHK)
  • "Hotaru No Haku" (1996) (Kinyou Roadshow houeikokuchi spot)
  • "Kinyou Roadshow" (1996) (Announcement spot for Kinyou Roadshow opening)
  • "Umacha" (2001) (TV commercials)
  • "Shop-One" (Online Shopping Mall Announcement Spot)
  • "House Shokuhin" (House Shokuhin Campaign Commercial)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Summer Version)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Winter Version)
  • "Hajimaru yo, Erai Koccha-hen" (KNB YumeDigi PR Spot)
  • "Kawaraban-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
  • "Dore Dore Hikkoushi-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
  • "Risona Ginkou" (Corporate commercial)

Video games

Other works

The works listed here consist of works that don't fall into the above categories. Many of these films have been released on DVD in Japan as part of the Ghibli Gakujutsu Library .


Related works

These works were not created by Studio Ghibli, but were produced by members of Topcraft that went on to create Studio Ghibli in 1985; produced by Toei Animation, Tokyo Movie Shinsha, Nippon Animation or other studios and featuring involvement by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, or other Ghibli staffers; or created in cooperation with Studio Ghibli.

Pre-Ghibli

  • Sally, the Witch (魔法使いサリー Mahōtsukai Sarī?) (1966) (by Toei Animation; Hayao Miyazaki was a key animator on this series, based on a manga by Mitsuteru Yokoyama.)
  • Hols: Prince of the Sun (太陽の王子 ホルスの大冒険 Taiyō no Ōji: Horusu no Daibōken?) (1968) (Takahata's directorial debut; Hayao Miyazaki was chief animator, concept artist, and scene designer)
  • The Secrets of Akko-chan (ひみつのアッコちゃん Himitsu no Akko-chan?) (1969) (by Toei Animation, directed by Hiroshi Ikeda; Miyazaki was a key animator)
  • Puss in Boots (長靴をはいた猫 Nagagutsu wo Haita Neko?) (1969) (Directed by Kimio Yabuki for Toei, written by Hisashi Inoue with gag supervision by Nakahara Yumihiko, key animators include Yasuo Otsuka, Yoichi Kotabe, Reiko Okuyama, Takuo Kikuchi, Akemi Ota, Hayao Miyazaki, and Akira Daikubara)
  • Animal Treasure Island (1971) (Directed by Hiroshi Ikeda for Toei with idea construction by Hayao Miyazaki; Hayao Miyazaki was also scene designer and chief animator)
  • Panda! Go Panda! (パンダ・コパンダ Panda Kopanda?) (1972) (Directed by Isao Takahata and written by Hayao Miyazaki)
  • Heidi, Girl of the Alps (アルプスの少女ハイジ Arupusu no Shoujo Haiji?) (1974, by Zuiyo Eizo, which later became Nippon Animation; directed by Isao Takahata)
  • From the Apennines to the Andes (Haha wo Tazunete Sanzenri?) (1976, by Nippon Animation; directed by Isao Takahata; Scene setting, Layout: Hayao Miyazaki)
  • Future Boy Conan (未来少年コナン Mirai Shōnen Konan?) (1978) (by Nippon Animation; directed by Hayao Miyazaki, with one episode directed by Isao Takahata, and featured animation work by many future Ghibli staffers)
  • Anne of Green Gables (赤毛のアン Akage no An?) (1979) (by Nippon Animation; directed by Isao Takahata)
  • Lupin III: Castle of Cagliostro (ルパン三世 カリオストロの城 Rupan Sansei: Kariosutoro no Shiro?) (1979) (Miyazaki's directorial feature debut)
  • Gauche the Cellist (セロ弾きのゴーシュ Sero Hiki no Goushu?) (1982, by OH Production, directed by Isao Takahata)
  • Sherlock Hound (名探偵ホームズ Meitantei Hōmuzu?) (1984, Tokyo Movie Shinsha, six episodes directed by Hayao Miyazaki)
  • Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (風の谷のナウシカ Kaze no tani no Naushika?) (1984, Topcraft)

Cooperative works

Distributive works

These Western animated films have been distributed by Studio Ghibli, and now through their label, Ghibli Museum Library

In addition, Takahata, working with staff from the studio, contributed a segment to the 2004 experimental animation anthology Winter Days (Fuyu no Hi).

Contributive works

Studio Ghibli has made contributions to the following anime series and movies.

See also


References

  1. "会社情報." Studio Ghibli. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  3. Script error
  4. Brooks, Xan (2005-09-14). "A god among animators". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-05-23. There is a rumour that when Harvey Weinstein was charged with handling the US release of Princess Mononoke, Miyazaki sent him a samurai sword in the post. Attached to the blade was a stark message: 'No cuts.' / The director chortles. 'Actually, my producer did that.' 
  5. Script error
  6. 6.0 6.1 "atomic popcorn". Retrieved 2009-11-11. 

Further reading

  • Cavallaro, Dani. The Animé Art of Hayao Miyazaki. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2006. ISBN 9780786423699. OCLC 62430842.
  • McCarthy, Helen. Hayao Miyazaki: Master of Japanese Animation: Films, Themes, Artistry. Berkeley, Calif.: Stone Bridge Press, 1999. ISBN 9781880656419. OCLC 42296779. 2001 reprint of the 1999 text, with revisions: OCLC 51198297.
  • Miyazaki, Hayao. Starting Point: 1979–1996. Beth Cary and Frederik L. Schodt, trans. San Francisco: VIZ Media, 2009. ISBN 9781421505947. OCLC 290477195.
    • Miyazaki, Hayao. Shuppatsuten, 1979–1996 (出発点—1979~1996?). Tokyo: Studio Ghibli, Inc./Hatsubai Tokuma Shoten, 1996. ISBN 978-4198605414. OCLC 37636025. Original Japanese edition.
  • Odell, Colin, and Michelle Le Blanc. Studio Ghibli: The Films of Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata. Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England: Kamera, 2009. ISBN 9781842432792. OCLC 299246656.

External links

ar:إستديو جيبلي

ca:Studio Ghibli cs:Studio Ghibli cy:Studio Ghibli da:Studio Ghibliel:Studio Ghiblieo:Studio Ghibliko:스튜디오 지브리 id:Studio Ghibli it:Studio Ghibli he:סטודיו ג'יבלי ka:სტუდია ღიბლი lb:Studio Ghibli lt:Studio Ghibli nl:Studio Ghiblino:Studio Ghibli pl:Studio Ghibliru:Studio Ghibli simple:Studio Ghibli sl:Studio Ghibli sr:Џибли студио fi:Studio Ghibli sv:Studio Ghibli th:สตูดิโอจิบลิ uk:Студія Гіблі vi:Ghibli zh-yue:知步里工作室 zh:吉卜力工作室

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