This article is about Robotech novelizations. For other uses, see Robotech (disambiguation).

In 1987, the Robotech animated series was adapted into novel form by authors James Luceno and the late Brian Daley and published by Ballantine Books. Having previously collaborated on the animated series Galaxy Rangers, the pair's Robotech novels were released under the unified pseudonym of "Jack McKinney". Using fictitious epigraphs in the style of Dune, McKinney's novels escaped the limitations inherent in the dubbed cartoon and fleshed out its chronology in greater detail; most significantly, by adapting the storyline of the aborted sequel project, "The Sentinels". The entire series lasted for twenty-one books, the first fifteen of which were later collected into five three-book omnibus compilations in the early 1990s.

The original twelve novels were written to a tight twelve-month deadline, so that the books could be released one per month. Under this deadline, Daley and Luceno divided the Robotech timeline into twelve segments and worked on different segments simultaneously (i.e. Daley wrote Book 1 while Luceno wrote Book 2), then traded completed manuscripts for revision and style adjustments. As part of the research project, they watched the TV series many times, and consulted heavily with Carl Macek. [1]

Subsequent revisions to the timeline of Robotech by recent comics and the animated move Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles caused some continuity clashes with the McKinney novels, which have relegated the novels to a "secondary" position in Robotech canon. Despite this, the first 12 novels (collecting the novelisation of the TV series) have been recently re-issued by Del Rey Books in four three-book omnibus collections.


The major divergences from the Robotech television series include:

  • Changing Protoculture from a power source and a hallucinogenic foodstuff for genetic engineering into a mystical force akin to the Force in Star Wars, that, through its "Shapings," manipulated the destiny of the universe.
  • Stating that Robotech's mecha are controlled by the pilot's mental imaging via a "thinking cap" (a la Firefox or the later Macross spin-off Macross Plus), in addition to the joysticks and pedals seen in the show.
  • Using a chronology that is slightly contradicted by dialogue from the show.

The divergences can be explained partly by a lack of translated source material from the original shows—meaning that the writers could only go by what was seen on the screen and the materials they had been given—and partly by a desire to tie the series together even more completely than the television show, sometimes by including material that never ended up being animated. In particular, the "Shapings of the Protoculture" enabled this unification, serving as the deus ex machina to Robotech's Greek tragedy. It should also be noted that at least some of the elements for which the novels have been criticized were directly suggested by Carl Macek during Daley and Luceno's consultations with him.[2]


The following is the list of novels released by Del Rey in publishing order, Omnibus Editions and a recommended reading order which is roughly chronological, except that the events in books #13-17 (The Sentinels) are actually concurrent with books #7-12:

Individual Editions Omnibus Collected Editions Suggested Reading Order
  1. Genesis
  2. Battle Cry
  3. Homecoming
  4. Battle Hymn
  5. Force of Arms
  6. Doomsday
  7. Southern Cross
  8. Metal Fire
  9. The Final Nightmare
  10. Invid Invasion
  11. Metamorphosis
  12. Symphony of Light
  13. The Devil's Hand (The Sentinels)
  14. Dark Powers (The Sentinels)
  15. Death Dance (The Sentinels)
  16. World Killers (The Sentinels)
  17. Rubicon (The Sentinels)
  18. The End of the Circle
  19. The Zentraedi Rebellion
  20. The Masters' Gambit
  21. Before the Invid Storm
  • The Macross Saga: Battlecry (#1-3)
  • The Macross Saga: Doomsday (#4-6)
  • The Masters Saga: The Southern Cross (#7-9)
  • The New Generation: The Invid Invasion (#10-12)
  • The Sentinels 3-in-1 (#13-15)
  • 01. Genesis
  • 02. Battle Cry
  • 03. Homecoming
  • 04. Battle Hymn
  • 05. Force of Arms
  • 06. Doomsday
  • 19. The Zentraedi Rebellion
  • 13. The Devil's Hand (The Sentinels)
  • 14. Dark Powers (The Sentinels)
  • 15. Death Dance (The Sentinels)
  • 16. World Killers (The Sentinels)
  • 17. Rubicon (The Sentinels)
  • 20. The Masters' Gambit
  • 07. Southern Cross
  • 08. Metal Fire
  • 09. The Final Nightmare
  • 21. Before the Invid Storm
  • 10. Invid Invasion
  • 11. Metamorphosis
  • 12. Symphony of Light
  • 18. The End of the Circle

Books #1-12 (First Generation (Macross Saga: 1-6), Second Generation (Robotech Masters: 7-9), Third Generation (Invid War: 10-12)) novelize the story of the TV series. Books #13-17 (The Sentinels) document the story of the failed sequel TV series.

The last of book of the series, Book #18, is unique as it is set after the events of the final episode of Robotech and wraps up all of the outstanding plotlines and questions that remained after the series ended. Published in 1989, this book was considered to be the final chapter of the Robotech series until the 2006 release of Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles, which introduced a radically alternate storyline.

The last three books were published from 1994-1996. Book #19 is a novelization of the comic Robotech: The Malcontent Uprisings and occurs shortly after the events of the First Generation. Books #20 is set before the Second Robotech War, while Book #21 occurs during the period between the end of the Second Robotech War and the Invid Invasion.


  1. Meadows, Chris (2007-02-05). "James Luceno Interview, Part One" (mp3). Space Station Liberty. Retrieved 2007-02-07.  External link in |work= (help)
  2. Meadows, Chris (2007-02-05). "James Luceno Interview, Part One" (mp3). Space Station Liberty. Retrieved 2007-02-07.  External link in |work= (help)

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