Mary Louise "Meryl" Streep (born June 22, 1949) is an American actress who has worked in theatre, television and film. She is widely regarded as one of the most talented and respected actors of the modern era.
Streep made her professional stage debut in 1971's The Playboy of Seville, before her screen debut in the television movie The Deadliest Season in 1977. In that same year, she made her film debut with Julia. Both critical and commercial success came quickly with roles in The Deer Hunter (1978) and Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), the former giving Streep her first Oscar nomination and the latter her first win. She later won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in Sophie's Choice (1982).
Streep has received 16 Academy Award nominations, winning two, and 25 Golden Globe nominations, winning seven, more nominations than any other actor in the history of either award. Her work has also earned her two Emmy Awards, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, a Cannes Film Festival award, four New York Film Critics Circle Awards, five Grammy Award nominations, a BAFTA award, an Australian Film Institute Award and a Tony Award nomination, amongst others. She was awarded the American Film Institute's Lifetime Achievement Award in 2004.
Early life and background
Streep was born Mary Louise Streep in Summit, New Jersey, the daughter of Mary Wolf (née Wilkinson), a commercial artist and former art editor, and Harry William Streep, Jr., a pharmaceutical executive. She has two brothers, Dana and Harry. Streep is of German, Swiss and English ancestry. Her heritage can be traced back ten generations to Loffenau, from where her second great-grandfather, Gottfried Streeb, emigrated to the United States, and where one of her ancestors served as mayor. Another line of the Streep family was from Giswil, a small town in Switzerland. Her maternal ancestry can be traced to Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. Her eighth great-grandfather, Lawrence Wilkinson, was one of the first Europeans to settle Rhode Island. Streep is also a distant relative of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, and records show her family were among the first purchasers of land in Pennsylvania.
She was raised a Presbyterian, and grew up in Bernardsville, New Jersey, where she attended Bernards High School. She received her B.A., cum laude in Drama at Vassar College in 1971 (where she briefly received instruction from Jean Arthur), but also enrolled as an exchange student at Dartmouth College for a semester before it became coeducational. She subsequently earned an M.F.A. from Yale School of Drama. While at Yale, she played a variety of roles onstage, from the glamorous Helena in A Midsummer Night's Dream to an eighty-year old woman in a wheelchair in a comedy written by then-unknown playwrights Christopher Durang and Albert Innaurato. "It was immediately apparent," said then-dean Robert Brustein, "that she was destined for greatness."
Streep performed in several theater productions in New York after graduating from Yale School of Drama, including the New York Shakespeare Festival productions of Henry V, The Taming of the Shrew with Raúl Juliá, and Measure for Measure opposite Sam Waterston and John Cazale, who became her fiancé. She starred on Broadway in the Brecht/Weill musical Happy End, and won an Obie for her performance in the all-sung off-Broadway production of Alice at the Palace.
Streep began auditioning for film roles, and later recalled an unsuccessful audition for Dino De Laurentiis for the leading role in King Kong. De Laurentiis commented to his son in Italian, "She's ugly. Why did you bring me this thing?" and was shocked when Streep replied in fluent Italian. Streep's first feature film was Julia (1977), in which she played a small but pivotal role during a flashback scene. Streep was living in New York City with her fiancé, Cazale, who had been diagnosed with bone cancer. He was cast in The Deer Hunter (1978), and Streep was delighted to secure a small role because it allowed her to remain with Cazale for the duration of filming. She was not specifically interested in the part, commenting, "They needed a girl between the two guys and I was it."
She played a leading role in the television miniseries Holocaust (1978) as an Aryan woman married to a Jewish artist in Nazi era Germany. She later explained that she had considered the material to be "unrelentingly noble", and had taken the role only because she had needed money. Streep travelled to Germany and Austria for filming while Cazale remained in New York. Upon her return, Streep found that Cazale's illness had progressed, and she nursed him until his death on March 12, 1978. She spoke of her grief and her hope that work would provide a diversion; she accepted a role in The Seduction of Joe Tynan (1979) with Alan Alda, later commenting that she played it on "automatic pilot", and performed the role of Kate in The Taming of the Shrew for Shakespeare in the Park. With an estimated audience of 109 million, Holocaust brought a degree of public recognition to Streep, who was described in August 1978 as "on the verge of national visibility". She won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie for her performance.
Streep played a supporting role in Manhattan (1979) for Woody Allen, later stating that she had not seen a complete script and was given only the six pages of her own scenes, and that she had not been permitted to improvise a word of her dialogue. Asked to comment on the script for Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), in a meeting with the producer Stan Jaffee, director Robert Benton and star Dustin Hoffman, Streep insisted that the female character was not representative of many real women who faced marriage breakdown and child custody battles, and was written as "too evil". Jaffee, Benton and Hoffman agreed with Streep, and the script was revised. In preparing for the part, Streep spoke to her own mother about her life as a mother and housewife with a career, and frequented the Upper East Side neighborhood in which the film was set. Benton allowed Streep to write her dialogue in two of her key scenes, despite some objection from Hoffman. Jaffee and Hoffman later spoke of Streep's tirelessness, with Hoffman commenting, "She's extraordinarily hardworking, to the extent that she's obsessive. I think that she thinks about nothing else but what she's doing."
Streep drew critical acclaim for her performance in each of her three films released in 1979: the romantic comedy Manhattan, the political drama, The Seduction of Joe Tynan and the family drama, Kramer vs. Kramer. She was awarded the Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress, National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress and National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress for her collective work in the three films. Among the awards won for Kramer vs. Kramer were the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress.
After prominent supporting roles in two of the 1970s most successful films, the consecutive winners of the Academy Award for Best Picture, The Deer Hunter and Kramer vs. Kramer, and praise for her versatility in several supporting roles, Streep progressed to leading roles. Her first was The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981). A story within a story drama, the film paired Streep with Jeremy Irons as contemporary actors, telling their modern story as well as the Victorian era drama they were performing. A New York Magazine article commented that while many female stars of the past had cultivated a singular identity in their films, Streep was a "chameleon", willing to play any type of role. Streep was awarded a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her work.
Her next film, the psychological thriller, Still of the Night (1982) reunited her with Robert Benton, the director of Kramer vs. Kramer, and co-starred Roy Scheider and Jessica Tandy. Vincent Canby, writing for the New York Times noted that the film was an homage to the works of Alfred Hitchcock, but that one of its main weaknesses was a lack of chemistry between Streep and Scheider, concluding that Streep "is stunning, but she's not on screen anywhere near long enough".
As the Polish holocaust survivor in Sophie's Choice (1982), Streep's emotional dramatic performance and her apparent mastery of a Polish accent drew praise. William Styron wrote the novel with Ursula Andress in mind for the part of Sophie, but Streep was very determined to get the role. After she obtained a pirated copy of the script, she went to Alan J. Pakula and threw herself on the ground begging him to give her the part. Streep filmed the "choice" scene in one take and refused to do it again, as she found shooting the scene extremely painful and emotionally draining. Among several notable acting awards, Streep won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance.
She followed this success with a biographical film, Silkwood (1983), in which she played her first real-life character, the union activist Karen Silkwood. She discussed her preparation for the role in an interview with Roger Ebert and said that she had met with people close to Silkwood to learn more about her, and in doing so realized that each person saw a different aspect of Silkwood. Streep concentrated on the events of Silkwood's life and concluded, "I didn't try to turn myself into Karen. I just tried to look at what she did. I put together every piece of information I could find about her... What I finally did was look at the events in her life, and try to understand her from the inside."
Her next films were a romantic comedy, Falling in Love (1984) opposite Robert De Niro, and a British drama, Plenty (1985). Roger Ebert said of Streep's performance in Plenty that she conveyed "great subtlety; it is hard to play an unbalanced, neurotic, self-destructive woman, and do it with such gentleness and charm... Streep creates a whole character around a woman who could have simply been a catalogue of symptoms."
Out of Africa (1985) starred Streep as the Danish writer Karen Blixen and co-starred Robert Redford. A significant critical success, the film received a 63% "fresh" rating from Rotten Tomatoes. Streep co-starred with Jack Nicholson in her next two films, the dramas Heartburn (1986) and Ironweed (1987), in which she sang onscreen for the first time since the television movie, Secret Service, in 1977. In A Cry in the Dark (1988), she played the biographical role of Lindy Chamberlain, an Australian woman who had been convicted of the murder of her infant daughter in which Chamberlain claimed her baby had been taken by a dingo. Filmed in Australia, Streep won the Australian Film Institute Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, a Best Actress at the Cannes Film Festival, the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress and was nominated for several other awards for her portrayal of Chamberlain.
In She-Devil (1989), Streep played her first comedic film role, opposite Roseanne Barr. Richard Corliss, writing for Time, commented that Streep was the "one reason" to see the film and observed that it marked a departure from the type of role for which she had been known, saying, "Surprise! Inside the Greer Garson roles Streep usually plays, a vixenish Carole Lombard is screaming to be cut loose."
1990s and 2000s
From 1984 to 1990, Streep won six People's Choice Awards for Favorite Motion Picture Actress and, in 1990, was named World Favorite.
In the 1990s, Streep took a greater variety of roles, including a drug addicted movie actress in a screen adaptation of Carrie Fisher's novel Postcards from the Edge, with Dennis Quaid and Shirley MacLaine. Streep and Goldie Hawn had established a friendship and were interested in making a film together. After considering various projects, they decided upon Thelma and Louise, until Streep's pregnancy coincided with the filming schedule, and the producers decided to proceed with Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis. They subsequently filmed the farcical black comedy, Death Becomes Her, with Bruce Willis as their co-star. Time's Richard Corliss wrote approvingly of Streep's "wicked-witch routine" but dismissed the film as "She-Devil with a make-over".
Biographer Karen Hollinger describes this period as a downturn in the popularity of Streep's films, which reached its nadir with the failure of Death Becomes Her, attributing this partly to a critical perception that her comedies had been an attempt to convey a lighter image following several serious but commercially unsuccessful dramas, and more significantly to the lack of options available to an actress in her forties. Streep commented that she had limited her options by her preference to work in Los Angeles, close to her family, a situation that she had anticipated in a 1981 interview when she commented, "By the time an actress hits her mid-forties, no one's interested in her anymore. And if you want to fit a couple of babies into that schedule as well, you've got to pick your parts with great care."
Streep appeared with Glenn Close in the movie version of Isabel Allende's The House of the Spirits, the screen adaptation of The Bridges of Madison County with Clint Eastwood, The River Wild, Marvin's Room (with Diane Keaton and Leonardo DiCaprio), One True Thing, and Music of the Heart, in a role that required her to learn to play the violin.
Streep is adept with foreign accents and some of her best known roles have called for them. In The Bridges of Madison County, she played a woman from Bari, Italy, in Sophie's Choice she adopted a Polish accent, and in Out of Africa she spoke in a Danish accent.
In 2001, Streep voiced the Blue Fairy in Steven Spielberg's A.I. Artificial Intelligence. In 2002, Meryl Streep costarred with Nicolas Cage in Spike Jonze's Adaptation. as real-life author Susan Orlean, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress, and with Nicole Kidman and Julianne Moore in The Hours. She also appeared with Al Pacino and Emma Thompson in the HBO adaptation of Tony Kushner's six-hour play, Angels in America, in which she had four roles. She received her second Emmy Award for Angels in America, which reunited her with director Mike Nichols (who had previously directed her in Silkwood, Heartburn, and Postcards from the Edge). Meryl Streep also played Aunt Josephine in Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events with Jim Carrey.
In addition, she appeared in Jonathan Demme's remake of The Manchurian Candidate, costarring Denzel Washington, in which she played a role first performed by Angela Lansbury. Since 2002, Streep has hosted the annual event Poetry & the Creative Mind, a benefit in support of National Poetry Month and a program of the Academy of American Poets. Streep co-hosted the annual Nobel Peace Prize Concert with Liam Neeson in Oslo, Norway, in 2001.
In 2004, Streep was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award by the Board of Directors of the American Film Institute, which honors an individual for a lifetime contribution to enriching American culture through motion pictures and television.
Streep's more recent film releases are Prime (2005); the Robert Altman film A Prairie Home Companion, with Lindsay Lohan and Lily Tomlin; and the box office success The Devil Wears Prada, with Anne Hathaway, which earned Streep the 2007 Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy and an Academy Award nomination.
In 2008, she appeared as Donna in the film version of the ABBA musical Mamma Mia!, For this role she won the award of Best Female Performance at the National Movie Awards (UK), and received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress in a Comedy/Musical. She played Sister Aloysius in the 2008 film adaptation of John Patrick Shanley's Doubt. She received both an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress and a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress in a Drama for that film. She also shared the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress with Anne Hathaway for the role, and won a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role.
In 2009, she starred in Julie & Julia, in which she played the late Julia Child. For this role she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy and also shared the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress with Sandra Bullock. Streep also received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress for this performance. She then starred in Nancy Meyers' romantic comedy It's Complicated, with Alec Baldwin and Steve Martin. She also received nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for this film. Streep also lent her voice to Mrs. Felicity Fox in the stop-motion film Fantastic Mr. Fox.
In New York City, she appeared in the 1976 Broadway double bill of Tennessee Williams' 27 Wagons Full of Cotton and Arthur Miller's A Memory of Two Mondays. For the former, she received a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play. Her other early Broadway credits include Anton Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard and the Bertolt Brecht-Kurt Weill musical Happy End in which she originally appeared off-Broadway at the Chelsea Theater Center. She received Drama Desk Award nominations for both productions. Once Streep's film career flourished, she took a long break from stage acting.
In July 2001, Streep returned to the stage for the first time in more than twenty years, playing Arkadina in the Public Theater's revival of Anton Chekhov's The Seagull. The staging, directed by Mike Nichols, also featured Kevin Kline, Natalie Portman, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Christopher Walken, Marcia Gay Harden, and John Goodman.
In August and September 2006, she starred onstage at The Public Theater's production of Mother Courage and Her Children at the Delacorte Theatre in Central Park. The Public Theater production was a new translation by playwright Tony Kushner (Angels in America), with songs in the Weill/Brecht style written by composer Jeanine Tesori (Caroline, or Change); veteran director George C. Wolfe was at the helm. Streep starred alongside Kevin Kline and Austin Pendleton in this three-and-a-half-hour play in which she sang and appeared in almost every scene.
At the 35th People's Choice Awards, her version of Mamma Mia won an award for "Favorite Song From A Soundtrack". In 2008, Streep was nominated for a Grammy Award (her fifth nomination) for her work on the Mamma Mia! soundtrack.
Meryl Streep was in a relationship with actor John Cazale until his death in March of 1978. Streep then married sculptor Don Gummer on September 15, 1978. They have four children: Henry Wolf "Harry" Gummer (born November 13, 1979), Mary Willa "Mamie" Gummer (born August 3, 1983), Grace Jane Gummer (born May 9, 1986), and Louisa Jacobson Gummer (born June 12, 1991). Both Mamie and Grace are actresses.
When asked if religion plays a part in her life in an interview in 2009, Meryl Streep replied, "I follow no doctrine. I don't belong to a church or a temple or a synagogue or an ashram."
Streep holds the record for the most Academy Award nominations of any actor, having been nominated 16 times since her first nomination in 1979 for The Deer Hunter (13 for Best Actress and 3 for Best Supporting Actress).
Meryl Streep is the most nominated performer for a Golden Globe Award (she has 25 nominations as of 2009) and has won the most Golden Globes overall since her win for Julie & Julia in 2010. Streep received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1998.
In 2003, she was awarded an honorary César Award by the French Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma. In 2004 at the Moscow International Film Festival, Meryl Streep was honored with the Stanislavsky Award for the outstanding achievement in the career of acting and devotion to the principles of Stanislavsky's school.
In 2004, Streep received the AFI Life Achievement Award.
May 27, 2004 was proclaimed "Meryl Streep Day" by Manhattan Borough President C. Virginia Fields.
|1977||The Deadliest Season||Sharon Miller|
|1978||Uncommon Women and Others||Leilah|
|Holocaust||Inga Helms Weiss||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress - Miniseries or a Movie|
|1994||The Simpsons||Jessica Lovejoy||Episode: "Bart's Girlfriend"|
|1999||King of the Hill||Aunt Esme Dauterive||Episode: "A Beer Can Named Desire"|
|1997||…First Do No Harm||Lori Reimuller|| Nominated—Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Television Movie|
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Television Film
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress in a Television Film
|2003||Angels in America|| Ethel Rosenberg|
| Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries|
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries
Gracie Allen Award for Outstanding Female Lead in a Drama Special
Satellite Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Female Actor in a Miniseries
|1975||Trelawny of the Wells||Miss Imogen Parrott|
|1976||27 Wagons Full of Cotton||Flora Meighan|| Theatre World Award – Debut performance, Broadway/Off-Broadway|
Nominated—Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Play
Nominated—Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play
|A Memory of Two Mondays||Patricia|
|Secret Service||Edith Varney|
|Measure for Measure||Isabella|
|1977||Happy End||Lieutenant Lillian Holiday|
|The Cherry Orchard||Dunyasha|
|1978||Alice at the Palace||Alice|
|The Taming of the Shrew||Kate|
|1979||Taken in Marriage||Andrea|
|1980–81||Alice at the Palace||Alice|
|2001||The Seagull||Irina Nikolayevna||Nominated—Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Play|
|2006||Mother Courage and Her Children||Mother Courage|| Drama League Award — Distinguished Performance Award|
Nominated—Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Play
- ↑ Santas, Constantine (2002). Responding to Film. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 187. ISBN 0830415807.
- ↑ Hollinger, Karen (2006). The Actress: Hollywood Acting and the Female Star. CRS Press. pp. 94–95. ISBN 0415977924.
- ↑ The Middle East. Library Information and Research Service. 2005. p. 204.
- ↑ Robert Battle. "Meryl Streep". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 "Meryl Streep Biography (1949–)". Film Reference.com. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- ↑ ASSOCIATED PRESS (2001-10-03). "Artist Mary W. Streep , mother of actress Meryl, dies at 86". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- ↑ "Meryl Streep Biography". Yahoo! Movies.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 "Meryl Streep". Faces of America. 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
- ↑ McKenzie, Joi-Marie (2010-02-04). "Henry Louis Gates Says He Broke Meryl Streep's Heart". Niteside. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- ↑ "Faces of America: Meryl Streep", PBS, Faces of America series, with Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., 2010.
- ↑ "Meryl Streep". Inside the Actors Studio. Bravo. 1998-11-22. No. 1, season 5.
- ↑ Horowitz, Joy (1991-03-17). "That Madcap Meryl. Really!". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- ↑ "Press Archive". Simply Streep.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29.
- ↑ "N.J. Teachers Honor 6 Graduates". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 1983-11-12. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
Streep is a graduate of Bernards High School in Bernardsville...
- ↑ "Yale library's list of all roles played at Yale by Meryl Streep". Retrieved 2010-03-07.
- ↑ 1974 New York Times review, reprinted in Mel Gussow, Theatre on the Edge, p.365
- ↑ Gussow, Mel (1991-01-07). "1991 New York Times article". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
- ↑ Robert S. Brustein, Letters to a Young Actor, p.61 This book also contains details of her performances at Yale.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 "Information, Considered & Delayed Projects". SimplyStreep.com. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 "Magazines Archive". SimplyStreep.com. Retrieved 2009-08-14. citing "Meryl Streep to the Rescue". Ms. Magazine. February 1979.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 "Magazines Archive". SimplyStreep.com. Retrieved 2009-06-07. citing "Star Treks". Horizon Magazine. August 1978.
- ↑ "Magazines Archive". SimplyStreep.com. Retrieved 2009-06-07. citing "From Homecoming Queen to Holocaust". TV Guide. June 1978.
- ↑ "Magazines Archive". SimplyStreep.com. Retrieved 2009-06-07. citing "Streep Year". Look Magazine. March 1979.
- ↑ Hollinger, Karen (2006). The Actress: Hollywood Acting and the Female Star. Routledge. p. 76. ISBN 0415977924.
- ↑ Hollinger, p. 75
- ↑ Hollinger, p. 77
- ↑ "Magazines Archive". SimplyStreep.com. Retrieved 2009-06-07. citing "The Freshest Face in Hollywood". Playgirl Magazine. November 1979.
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 Denby, David (1981-09-21). "Meryl Streep is Madonna and siren in The French Lieutenant's Woman". New York Magazine. p. 27. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- ↑ Canby, Vincent (1985-09-20). "'Still of the Night,' in Hitchcock Manner". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- ↑ Skow, John (1981-09-07). "What Makes Meryl Magic". Time. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 Ebert, Roger; David Bordwell (2006). Awake in the dark: the best of Roger Ebert: forty years of reviews, essays, and interviews. University of Chicago Press. p. 64. ISBN 0226182002. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- ↑ Ebert, Roger (1982-11-19). "'Plenty' review". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- ↑ "Out of Africa (1985)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- ↑ Corliss, Richard (1989-12-11). "Warty Worm, "She-Devil" review". Time magazine. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- ↑ Corliss, Richard (1992-08-03). "Beverly Hills Corpse, "Death Becomes Her" review". Time magazine. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- ↑ 36.0 36.1 , p. 78
- ↑ Hetrick, Adam (2009-01-09). "Winners of the 2009 Critics' Choice Awards, announced". Playbill. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- ↑ "Golden Globe Awards 2009". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
- ↑ "Fey and Streep to Play Daughter and Mother in Tucci-Directed Movie". TVGuide.com.
- ↑ Brantley, Ben (2006-08-22). "Mother Courage and Her Children". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
- ↑ "Portuguese Music Charts".
- ↑ "People Choice Awards Results".
- ↑ http://theplaylist.blogspot.com/2010/06/richard-shepard-talks-john-cazale-doc.html
- ↑ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Hw4gAAAAIBAJ&sjid=pmUFAAAAIBAJ&pg=1223,438388&dq=meryl+streep+don+gummer&hl=en
- ↑ "Movies, marriage, and turning sixty," The Independent (UK), Jan. 24, 2009.
- ↑ Eric Quiñones (2009-06-02). "Princeton awards five honorary degrees". Princeton. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- ↑ "Meryl Streep elected to elite arts academy". BBC News. 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
- ↑ "Honorary degrees awarded". Harvard University. 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- ↑ "Meryl Streep voicing a role in Wes Anderson's 'Fantastic Mr. Fox'". Entertainment Weekly. 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
- Napoleon, Davi. Chelsea on the Edge: The Adventures of an American Theater. Includes discussion of Streep's performance in Robert Kalfin's production of Happy End at the Chelsea Theater and on Broadway. Iowa State University Press. ISBN-0-8138-1713-7, 1991.
- Finding Herself: The Prime of Meryl Streep by Molly Haskell, Film Comment, May/June 2008.
- Hollinger, Karen (2006). The Actress: Hollywood Acting and the Female Star. Routledge. ISBN 0415977924.
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- Merylstreeponline.net- official website
- www.streepinstyle.info - Polish website
- Meryl Streep at BAFTA 40 minute webcast, January 2009
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