The Mechanical Engineering Heritage (Japan) (機械遺産 kikaiisan?) is a list of sites, landmarks, machines, and documents that made significant contributions to the development of mechanical engineering in Japan. Items in the list are certified by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (JSME) (日本機械学会 Nihon Kikai Gakkai?).
The Mechanical Engineering Heritage program was inaugurated in June 2007 in connection with the 110th anniversary of the founding of the JSME. The program recognizes machines, related systems, factories, specification documents, textbooks, and other items that had a significant impact on the development of mechanical engineering. When a certified item can no longer be maintained by its current owner, the JSME acts to prevent its loss by arranging a transfer to the National Science Museum of Japan or to a local government institution.
The JSME plans to certify approximately a hundred items of high heritage value over ten years.
Items in the Mechanical Engineering Heritage (Japan) are classified into four categories:
- Sites: Historical sites that contain heritage items.
- Landmarks: Representative buildings, structures, and machinery.
- Collections: Collections of machinery, or individual machines.
- Documents: Machinery-related documents of historical significance.
Each item is assigned a Mechanical Engineering Heritage number.
Items certified in 2007
- No. 1: Steam engines and hauling machinery at the Kosuge Ship Repair Dock, (built in 1868). - Nagasaki Prefecture
- No. 2: Memorial workshop and machine tools at Kumamoto University, (built in 1908). - Kumamoto Prefecture
- No. 3: Forged iron treadle lathe (made in 1875 by Kaheiji Ito). - Aichi Prefecture
- No. 4: Industrial steam turbine (Parsons steam turbine), (made in 1908). - Nagasaki Prefecture
- No. 5: 10A rotary engine (made in 1967). - Hiroshima Prefecture
- No. 6: Honda CVCC engine (first engine to meet emission standards of Clean Air Act (1970)). - Tochigi Prefecture
- No. 7: FJR710 jet engine (made in 1971). - Tokyo
- No. 8: Yanmar small horizontal diesel engine, Model HB (made in 1933). - Shiga Prefecture
- No. 9: Prof. Inokuchi's centrifugal pump, (made in 1912). - Aichi Prefecture
- No. 10: High frequency generator (made in 1929 by German AEG). - Aichi Prefecture
- No. 11: 0-Series Tōkaidō Shinkansen electric multiple units (operated 1964–1978). - Osaka Prefecture
- No. 12: Class 230 No.233 2-4-2 steam tank locomotive (made 1902–1909). - Osaka Prefecture
- No. 13: YS11 passenger airplane (flown 1964–2009). - Tokyo
- No. 14: Cub Type F, Honda bicycle engine (1952). - Tochigi Prefecture
- No. 15: Chain stitch sewing machine for the production of straw hats (made in 1928). - Aichi Prefecture
- No. 16: Non-stop shuttle change automatic loom, Toyoda Type G (made in 1924). - Aichi Prefecture
- No. 17: Hand operated letterpress printing machine (made in 1885). - Tokyo
- No. 18: Komatsu bulldozer G40 (made in 1943). - Shizuoka Prefecture
- No. 19: Olympus gastrocamera GT-I (made in 1950). - Tokyo
- No. 20: Buckton universal testing machine (installed in 1908). - Hyōgo Prefecture
- No. 21: Mutoh Drafter manual drafting machine, MH-I (made in 1953). - Tokyo
- No. 22: Myriad year clock, (made in 1851). - Tokyo
- No. 23: The Chikugo River Lift Bridge (opened in 1935). - Between Fukuoka and Saga Prefecture
- No. 24: JSME publications from the early days of the society, (published in 1897, 1901 and 1934). - Tokyo
- No. 25: "Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machinery", lecture notes by Professors Bunji Mano and Ariya Inokuchi at Imperial University of Tokyo (1905). - Tokyo
Items certified in 2008
- No. 26: Sankyozawa hydroelectric power station and related objects, (operating since 1888). - Miyagi Prefecture
- No. 27: Hydraulic lock (made in United Kingdom, operating since 1908) and floating steam crane (operated 1905–2008), Miike Port. - Fukuoka Prefecture
- No. 28: “Entaro” bus (Ford TT type), (1923, adapted from chassis imported from United States). - Saitama Prefecture
- No. 29: Mechanical telecommunication devices (made in 1947 by Shinko Seisakusho Co.). - Iwate Prefecture
- No. 30: Mechanical calculator, (Yazu Arithmometer, patented in 1903). - Fukuoka Prefecture
- No. 31: Induction motor and design sheet (made in 1910, in the earliest days of the Japanese electrical machinery industry). - Ibaraki Prefecture
Items certified in 2009
- No. 32: Mechanical Device of Sapporo Clock Tower, (clock mechanism imported/installed from E. Howard & Co. in 1881, moved in 1906). - Hokkaidō
- No. 33: Minegishi Watermill, (installed in 1808, in operation till 1965). - Tokyo
- No. 34: The Master Worm Wheel of the Hobbing Machine HRS-500, (machining by Hobbing machine of Rhein-Neckar from Germany in 1943). - Shizuoka Prefecture
- No. 35: Locomobile, The oldest private Steam Automobile in Japan, (one of eight imported from Locomobile Company of America in 1902, failured in 1908, discovered in 1978 then only boiler was replaced and operable in 1980). - Hokkaidō
- No. 36: Arrow-Gou, The oldest Japanese-made Car, (one of Japanese fundamental vehicle technology made in 1916). - Fukuoka Prefecture
- No. 37: British-made 50 ft Turn Table, (imported from Ransomes & Rapier made in 1897, but installed location was unknown before moved in 1941 then further moved to Ōigawa Railway in 1980, in operation. Two others are deemed also imported and still in operation in other locations, these historical details is not known). - Shizuoka Prefecture
Items certified in 2010
- NO. 38: Carousel El Dorado of Toshimaen, the oldest in Japan and oldest class in worldwide, produced by Hugo Haase (German, 1857-1933) in 1907, travelled in Europe, then moved to Steeplechase Park of Coney Island, New York in 1911, operated till 1964, then purchased, refurbished and operate in Toshimaen (としまえん Toshimaen?) since 1971. - Tokyo
- No. 39: Revolving stage and its slewing mechanism of old Konpira Grand Theatre. - Kagawa Prefecture
- No. 40: Electric vehicle TAMA (E4S-47 I), produced by Tachikawa Aircraft Company Ltd in 1947, to overcome oil shortage after World War II. The car is with single motor of 36V, 120A, run 65km by single charge, max. speed 35km/h. The second model in 1949 run 200km. Used as taxi in Tokyo. Production had quitted due to cost up of battery by Korean War. - Kanagawa Prefecture
- No. 41: The first made in Japan forklift truck with internal combustion engine, max. load 6,000 pound, in 1949, learned from Clark Material Handling Company's 4,000 pound type. - Shiga Prefecture
- No. 42: Takasago and Ebara type Centrifugal Refrigerating machine. - Kanagawa Prefecture
- No. 43: Automated Ticket Gate (Turnstile), OMRON and Kintetsu jointly studied from 1964, model PG-D120 operated from 1973 after prototype evaluation from 1967. - Kyoto Prefecture
- ↑ Buckton machine:See fig.3 and its description.
- ↑ The History of Japanese Mechanical Calculating Machines
- ↑ "Collections: American Art: Lion, from the El Dorado Carousel, Coney Island, Brooklyn". Brooklyn Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- ↑ The carousel King, Hugo Haase
- The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, JSME
- The Mechanical Engineering Heritage (Japan) list — official website, in Japanese with English titles