Manji (万治?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Meireki and before Kanbun. This period spanned the years from July 1658 through April 1661.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Sai-tennō (後西天皇?).[2]

Change of era

  • 1658 Manji gannen (万治元年?): The era name was changed to mark a disastrous, great fire in Edo. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Meireki 4, on the 23rd day of the 7th month 23rd.

The source of this era name comes from the Records of the Grand Historian: "When the common people know their place, then all under heaven is ruled" (衆民乃定、国為)

Events of the Manji era

  • 1658 (Manji 1): In the aftermath of the Great Mereiki Fire, the shogunate organized four all-samurai, all-Edo firefighting squads.[3]
  • 1658 (Manji 1): Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu is born. Yoshiyasu will become Shogun Tsunayoshi's favorite courtier and chief counselor.[4]
File:Sunset across the Ryogoku bridge from the bank of the Sumida river at Onmagayashi.jpg


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Manji" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 607; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 413.
  3. McClain, James et al. (1994). Edo and Paris: Urban Life and the State in the Early Modern Era, p. xxii.
  4. Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (2006). The Dog Shogun: The Personality and Policies of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, p. 110.


External links



Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:

Template:Japanese era nameTemplate:Japan-era-stubko:만지sv:Manji (japansk period) zh:萬治

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