Human Crossing (人間交差点 Ningen Kōsaten?) (aka. Human Scramble), is a Japanese manga written by Masao Yajima and illustrated by Kenshi Hirokane. The manga is about a series of unrelated stories of people's life and their lessons in life. Human Crossing received the 1985 Shogakukan Manga Award for seinen/general's manga.[1]


Shogakukan published Human Crossing in 27 bound volumes between October 1, 1981 and March 1, 1991.[2][3] The series was republished into 19 bound volumes between November 17, 1994 and June 15, 1996.[4][5]

Volume listing

<tr style="border-bottom: 3px solid #CCF"><th style="width: 4%;">No.</th><th style="width: 48%;">Release date</th><th style="width: 48%;"> ISBN</th></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol1">1</td></td><td> October 1, 1981[2]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180391-1</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol2">2</td></td><td> November 1, 1981[6]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180392-X</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol3">3</td></td><td> September 1, 1982[7]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180393-8</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol4">4</td></td><td> August 1, 1983[8]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180394-6</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol5">5</td></td><td> February 1, 1984[9]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180395-4</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol6">6</td></td><td> August 1, 1984[10]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180396-2</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol7">7</td></td><td> December 1, 1984[11]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180397-0</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol8">8</td></td><td> March 1, 1985[12]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180398-9</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol9">9</td></td><td> October 1, 1985[13]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180399-7</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol10">10</td></td><td> April 1, 1986[14]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-180400-4</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol11">11</td></td><td> August 1, 1986[15]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181131-0</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol12">12</td></td><td> November 1, 1986[16]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181132-9</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol13">13</td></td><td> January 1, 1987[17]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181133-7</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol14">14</td></td><td> March 1, 1987[18]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181134-5</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol15">15</td></td><td> May 1, 1987[19]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181135-3</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol16">16</td></td><td> July 1, 1987[20]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181136-1</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol17">17</td></td><td> December 1, 1987[21]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181137-X</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol18">18</td></td><td> March 1, 1988[22]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181138-8</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol19">19</td></td><td> April 1, 1988[23]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181139-6</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol20">20</td></td><td> December 1, 1988[24]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181140-X</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol21">21</td></td><td> April 1, 1989[25]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181751-3</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol22">22</td></td><td> August 1, 1989[26]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181752-1</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol23">23</td></td><td> December 1, 1989[27]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181753-X</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol24">24</td></td><td> April 1, 1990[28]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181754-8</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol25">25</td></td><td> August 1, 1990[29]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181755-6</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol26">26</td></td><td> December 1, 1990[30]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181756-4</td></tr> <tr style="text-align: center;"><td id="vol27">27</td></td><td> March 1, 1991[3]</td><td>ISBN 4-09-181757-2</td></tr> </table>


The series was adapted into a 13-episode anime in 2003 by OB Planning.[31] Directed by Akira Kumeichi and Kazunari Kumi, it was broadcast on TV Tokyo between April 5, 2003 and June 28, 2003.[32] It was licensed by Geneon in 2004.[33] Each episode is a separate story of little relevance to each other. The anime is released in France by Kaze,[34] and in Taiwan by Muse Communication.[35]

The anime uses two pieces of theme song. "REVENGE ~Asu e no Chigai~" by Nana Katase is the opening theme, while "Believing" by Aki Asahina is the ending theme.

Geneon released a set of four DVDs for Human Crossing. They released the first DVD, Human Crossing - The 25th Hour on February 8, 2005,[36] the second DVD, Human Crossing, Vol. 2: The Cicadas of Winter on April 26, 2005,[37] the third DVD, Human Crossing, Vol. 3: Message in White on June 28, 2005,[38] and the fourth and final DVD, Human Crossing, Vol. 4: Instructor's Rain on August 30, 2005.[39]

On March 13, 2007, Geneon released Human Crossing: Complete Brick Pack, which contains all 4 DVDs of the anime.[40]

Episode listing

# Title Original air date
01 The Wound
"Kizu" (傷)
April 5, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
02 The 25th Hour
"Hatsuyuki Ni Jū Go Ji" (初雪25時)
April 12, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
03 A Promise
"Yakusoku" (約束)
April 19, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
04 Direction
"Yukue" (行方)
April 26, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
05 The Cicadas of Winter
"Fuyu no Semi" (冬の蝉)
May 3, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
06 The Beautiful Afterimage
"Sougon Na Zanzō" (荘厳な残像)
May 10, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
07 Sidelined
"Sasen" (左遷)
May 17, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
08 Message in White
"Shiroi Henji (Messeeji)" (白い返事 (メッセージ))
May 24, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
09 Smile
"Bishō" (微笑)
May 31, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
10 Street
"Machi" (街)
June 7, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
11 Whisper
"Sasayaki" (ささやき)
June 14, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
12 Instructor's Rain
"Kyōkan no Ame" (教官の雨)
June 21, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
13 Watershed
"Bunsuirei" (分水嶺)
June 28, 2003 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}


Avex trax released a soundtrack CD on Human Crossing anime's ending theme called, Human Scramble - Believing, on June 4, 2003. The CD uses Bobby Caldwell, Marsga Randcliffe and Debra Shane lyrics. It was sung by Aki Asahina.[41] On July 16, 2003, Hiboom released a soundtrack CD for Human Scramble, containing the opening and ending themes of the anime.[42] On January 7, 2005, Universal Music released a CD for Human Scramble, which was sung by Shinji Tanimura.[43] On March 11, 2009, Universal Music created a SHM-CD version of Shinji Tanimura's 10-part album, which includes "Ningen Kosaten - Human Scramble".[44]


Anime News Network's Theorin Martin criticises the “The 25th Hour” episode, "which comes off as preachy, improbable, and forced" but he also commends the “Direction" episode for its "poignancy and emotional appeal" at the end.[45] Anime News Network's Carlo Santos criticises the second DVD of Human Crossing because of its animation, labelling it "stiff" and "choppy".[46]'s Jennifer Rocks comments on the "stand-alone" nature of each episode more saying that it might be more rewarding if the anime is "viewed as a cultural study, rather than as pure entertainment".[47] DVD Talk's Don Houston commends the anime on its "background detail" and writes that many of the episodes have a "universal appeal".[48]


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  33. "Geneon Entertainment Licenses". Anime News Network. 2004-07-31. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  34. Script error
  35. Script error
  36. "Human Crossing - The 25th Hour (Vol. 1)". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  37. "Human Crossing, Vol. 2: The Cicadas of Winter". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  38. "Human Crossing, Vol. 3: Message in White". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  39. "Human Crossing, Vol. 4: Instructor's Rain". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  40. "Human Crossing: Complete Brick Pack". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  41. "HUMAN SCRAMBLE - Believing". Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  42. "Human Scramble (Ningen Kosaten)". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  43. "Ningen Kosaten - Human Scramble". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  44. "Ningen Kosaten - Human Scramble - [SHM-CD] [Limited Release]". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  45. Martin, Theorin (March 29, 2005). "Human Crossing DVD 1: The 25th Hour". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  46. Santos, Carlo (May 8, 2005). "Human Crossing DVD 2: The Cicadas of Winter". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  47. Rocks, Jennifer (August 22, 2007). "Human Crossing Box Set". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  48. Houston, Don (September 19, 2005). "Human Crossing 3". DVD Talk. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 

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