Fictional character biography
Doctor Destiny was once a petty criminal scientist who used his genius to create astounding devices for crime. He first encountered the Justice League of America shortly after he invented an anti-gravity device that allowed him to capture Green Lantern, impersonate him, and infiltrate the JLA. Before Doctor Destiny could further his criminal ends, however, the Leaguers discovered his treachery and promptly imprisoned him.
He then created the "Materioptikon", a device which allowed him to create reality from the fabric of dreams. In a later retcon, his mother, Ethel (the former mistress of Roderick Burgess), gave him Morpheus' Dreamstone, which powered the device. He manipulated the Dreamstone, forcing flaws and adding circuitry, until it was attuned to him and not the Dream King. Morpheus was imprisoned by Alex Burgess at the time, unaware of what Dr. Destiny was doing and unable to stop or prevent it.
Doctor Destiny's power was so great that the Justice League resorted to drastic measures to stop him. They hypnotized him and manipulated his psyche to prevent him from dreaming; this kept him from using the Materioptikon for criminal purposes but caused him to lose his mind and shrivel to a skeletal wreck of a man. He was then sent to Arkham Asylum, where his sanity eroded further.
He escaped from Arkham and captured the Sandman (Dr. Garrett Sanford), and used his equipment to pit people's dreams against the Justice League, eventually capturing most of the current Leaguers. Thanks to the efforts of others such as Zatanna and Elongated Man, the Sandman was freed and reclaimed his equipment, aiding Doctor Destiny's recapture.
When his mother died, Doctor Destiny escaped Arkham, reclaimed the Ruby, and used it to initiate a rampage where he killed dozens of people. Dream, recently freed and searching for his stolen tokens of power, could not stop Doctor Destiny until the villain decided to leech all of Dream's power into the Ruby and destroy the gem. The destruction of the Dreamstone returned all of its power back to Dream, including power the Lord of Dreams had been without for millennia. Morpheus then returned Dr. Destiny to Arkham and returned his ability to dream. Although he is able to dream once again, Doctor Destiny's sanity is still extremely shaky.
Doctor Destiny later learned that continued use of the Materioptikon meant he still had some dream manipulation powers even without the Dreamstone. He warped the Atom's dreams of the original Justice League into a world where the superheroes were fascist bullies, as part of a plan to trap the then-current Justice League there. He was defeated when the comatose Blue Beetle was able to enter the dream world. Later, Dr. Destiny threatened the JLA once again by bringing his "dream self" into the real world and attacking them with bizarre and irrational dream-logic, "haunting" scenes of his old crimes as well as Atlantis (the ocean signifying a spiritual centre in dreams). Fortunately, before Destiny's dream-self fully realised what was happening to him, he was defeated when the League tracked down his real-world self and projected their dream selves into reality to confront Destiny; since the League were dreaming about victory, they couldn't lose, and Destiny was swiftly returned to his cell in Arkham.
Over the years, Doctor Destiny has proven one of the Justice League's most persistent foes. In his earliest appearances, before he lost his sanity, his goals were more rational: to acquire wealth and personal power, to eliminate all his enemies, and so on. All of these schemes revolved around the creative and liberal use of the Materioptikon, a strategy which often caught his opponents off-guard. One can assume that Doctor Destiny is still interested in attaining all of his former goals: the elimination of the Justice League, the restoration of his human appearance, and the reconstruction of the Materioptikon.
During the 4th Parallel storyline in JLA Classified, Doctor Destiny's control over the Materioptikon is usurped by Darrin Profitt the Red King.
Justice Society of America
In the previews for future issues of Justice Society of America (vol. 3), Starman mentioned "It's the doctor. The one with no face!", which would allude to future appearances by Doctor Destiny (i.e. his skeletal face). He finally appeared in Justice Society of America Vol. 3 #4, back in his old costume, with the captured Legionnaire Dream Girl chained in his cell in Arkham Asylum. He uses Dream Girl's nightmares to deal with the Asylum guards. When Batman, Sandman, Starman, and Geo-Force arrive at the Asylum, Starman goes up against Destiny by himself, but is subdued when Destiny uses Dream Girl's powers to create a zombified version of Kenz Nuhor, the man Starman killed. Starman begs Destiny to let Dream Girl go, and awakens her from her trance by using the "wake-up" word. When she awakes, Dream Girl tells Destiny that she foresaw his death, being killed in his sleep by the owner of the Dreamstone before she knocks him out.
In the Superman/Batman storyline '"Mash-Up", Doctor Destiny created a dream world consisting of combinations of people from the real world, hoping to replace the waking world with his fabricated realm. Superman and Batman, who had somehow managed to escape being fused together, stopped Destiny by freeing the combined form of Raven and Zatanna. The backlash from the broken illusion put Destiny into a comatose state, mumbling the name "Bruce Kent" - the only combined being he was unable to create. Of note, however, he appears again capable of massive reality warping without direct control of the Materioptikon in the waking world, or at least enough magical power to fuel the creation of a new world using only dreams as his base. 
- In Grant Morrison's 1989 Batman graphic novel, Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth, Dr. Destiny is referenced to by the Joker, and makes a short appearance later in the novel. In the annotated script for Arkham Asylum, Morrison explains that he was not a fan of the popular depiction of the Doctor as a tall, musclebound man with a skull for a head. Rather he believed that Destiny's body would have "whithered horribly" after having been robbed of the ability to dream. Thus Dave McKean (the artist) portrays him as being atrophied and feeble, restricted to a wheelchair, but still wielding a latent amount of power which could not be ignored (though he was mentioned as needing eye contact with a victim to disable them.)He is however defeated quite easily by Batman, who kicks the villain's wheelchair down a set of steps before he has a chance to display his powers. 
- Doctor Destiny has appeared in the Justice League Unlimited spin-off comic book. His appearances are in issues #25
In other media
In the Justice League episode "Only a Dream", John Dee (voiced by William Atherton) was a low-level LexCorp employee and small-time crook who was incarcerated in Stryker's Prison for guarding a supply of smuggled weapons. He volunteered to be a guinea pig for a doctor's experiments with the Materioptikon, a machine that gave people ESP abilities; between sessions, he dreamt of singlehandedly defeating the Justice League and being a member of the Injustice Gang.
When he found out that his parole request didn't go through, John was saddened. His wife, Penny, left him soon after for another man, exacerbating the situation. John found an opportunity to abuse the Materioptikon during a prison riot, exposing himself to an intensified burst from the machine. The experience gave him even greater telepathy. With this, he set off to wreak havoc on people through their dreams. Dee's first act of supervillainy was using his abilities to mentally torture Penny. In her dream, he manipulated his appearance to match the standard comic book costume and, deciding that his name was too ordinary, took the new name "Dr. Destiny". As a result of his telepathic torture, Penny went insane and died.
- Hawkgirl, who was claustrophobic (which is revealed in a battle with Luminous), was trapped in a coffin and buried alive.
- Flash was trapped inside a world where he moved so fast that the world around him was motionless (a nightmare Flash said he had frequently had since obtaining his powers).
- Superman's powers increased beyond his ability to control them, and he accidentally caused massive destruction and killed all those he loved, including Lois Lane, Jimmy Olsen, and Perry White.
- Green Lantern, who feared his membership in the Green Lantern Corps had alienated him from his friends, family, and all regular people, was trapped in a world where everyone was afraid of him, and he was unable to understand their language or make himself understood.
J'onn J'onzz telepathically entered his teammates' dreams to make them realize that what they were experiencing was not real, while Batman eventually tracked down Dr. Destiny (keeping his mind free of Destiny's influence by humming Frère Jacques). Attempting to stab Batman with a syringe filled with a powerful sedative, Dee inadvertently stabbed and injected himself. The rest of the League woke up from their dreams, but not without memories of what it felt like to be trapped in those situations.
Dr. Destiny was last seen back at Stryker's, in a catatonic state, humming Frere Jacques over and over again. However, he is confirmed to be a member of Gorilla Grodd's Secret Society shown on Justice League Unlimited, making a cameo in "I Am Legion" and very briefly seen with Luthor's team of supervillains in "Alive!"
In Season 3 of Smallville episode "Slumber", Clark connected with a girl named Sara Conroy in their dreams while she was in a coma, helping her to confront a monster called "The Traveller" that served as a manifestation of Sara Conroy's fear of her uncle Nicholas, who was keeping her unconscious to allow him to gain control of money she had gained in an inheritance from her desceased parents. This manifestation was very similar to Doctor Destiny except for his red torn cape and his face was never seen.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Wallace, Dan (2008), "Doctor Destiny", in Dougall, Alastair, The DC Comics Encyclopedia, New York: Dorling Kindersley, p. 102, ISBN 0-7566-4119-5, OCLC 213309017
- ↑ Justice League of America Annual #1
- ↑ Superman/Batman #60-61
- ↑ Morrison, Grant, and Dave McKean. Arkham Asylum: a Serious House on Serious Earth. New York, N.Y.: DC Comics, 2004. 146. Print.
- ↑ Morrison, Grant, and Dave McKean. Arkham Asylum. Lonson: Titan, 1989. Print.